The goal of bronchiectasis treatment is to control lung infections, promote drainage of excessive secretions and prevent complications. In fact, the chances of bronchiectasis developing decrease with immediate treatment of lung infections.
Treatment may include any of the following:
Used to treat many types of infections, antibiotics are also commonly used to treat lung infections associated with bronchiectasis. Antibiotics can be given orally or intravenously. To avoid antibiotic resistance, be sure to take the entire course of antibiotics, even if you feel better.
For more information on antibiotics or other medications, visit Drug's A-Z, About.com's comprehensive guide to medications.
A bronchodilator is a common medication used in the treatment of bronchiectasis. Bronchodilators work by relaxing and expanding the airways, making it easier to breathe. Common bronchodilator medications include albuterol and atrovent.
Expectorants help loosen mucus, making it easier for it to be expelled from the airways through coughing. Common expectorants are Robitussin and Mucinex.
Postural drainage is an airway clearance technique that uses gravity to help drain mucus from certain parts of the lungs. Postural drainage may be used with other forms of chest physiotherapy to further loosen secretions so they can be expelled from the airways easier.
Along with postural drainage, percussion and vibration help further mobilize and loosen secretions, making it easier for them to be expelled from the airways. Percussion and vibration can be performed using your hands, or with a manual percussive device.
For those who do not respond well to treatment, and if bronchectasis is confined to a specific portion of the lungs, surgical removal of that part of the lung may be an option. It is important to note, however, that surgical resection of the lung is not for everyone. Talk with your healthcare provider for more information.