COPD: Most Popular Articles
E-cigarettes are battery-powered devices designed to help you quit smoking. They have also stirred up a lot of controversy. Learn the truth about the e-cigarette and see if they are for you.
Learning how to clear mucus from the lungs is an important part of COPD treatment. Follow these 4 tips to help you clear mucus so you can breathe better.
A lung infection can be serious for patients who have COPD. Learn what signs and symptoms of lung infection should alert you to call your doctor.
COPD life expectancy may be a topic that many patients don't care to talk about. Actually, there are several key factors associated with COPD life expectancy. Learn what they are and how they are connected to COPD prognosis.
COPD, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a lung disease characterized by a blockage of the airways that makes it hard to breathe. Learn the facts about COPD, including symptoms, causes, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of this lung disease and how to quit smoking.
End stage COPD is a real term and a real problem. Learn more about what treatment options are available to you in end stage COPD.
The stages of COPD define COPD according to COPD severity. Learn more about understanding the stages of COPD.
COPD symptoms include a chronic cough, increased sputum production, dyspnea, wheezing and chest tightness. Other COPD symptoms include fatigue, anorexia and weight loss.
BiPAP, or bi-level positive airway pressure, is a type of noninvasive ventilation that helps COPD patients keep their airways open and their oxygen saturation levels up. Find out the definition of BiPAP.
Hypercapnia occurs when there is too much carbon dioxide in the blood. Learn more about the causes, symptoms and treatment of hypercapnia.
Understanding COPD inhalers can be a mind-boggling experience. Learn more about the most common COPD inhalers and what they are used for.
Pulmonary function tests or PFT's are used to help diagnose COPD and other lung diseases. PFT's include spirometry testing, lung diffusion studies and body plethysmography. Learn more about what spirometry test results mean and how to interpret spirometry tests.
A spirometry test helps doctors diagnose the presence and severity of COPD. Interpreting a spirometry test, however, is something that should be done only by your doctor. Find out why.
The Spoon Position is an easy sex position for COPD patients to manage during sexual intimacy.
Several types of breathing exercises can help you strengthen your diaphragm, relieve shortness of breath and clear your airways. Breathing exercises include diaphragmatic breathing, pursed-lip breathing and controlled coughing. Learn these breathing techniques to help you cope with COPD.
The Modified Medical Research Council Dyspnea Scale, or MMRC, uses a simple grading system to assess a patient's breathlessness. It is also used for calculation of the BODE Index for determining COPD life expectancy.
A COPD exacerbation is a period of time when COPD symptoms worsen. Learn more about COPD exacerbation and how to prevent them.
The Scissors Position is an easy sex position for COPD patients to manage during sexual intimacy. Page 6.
The definition of dyspnea is better understood as shortness of breath. It is the most common symptom of COPD and is a result of air hunger that is caused by lack of oxygen in the blood stream.
The following list of super foods should be considered in every COPD diet. Include these 6 ultimate super foods on your grocery list to eat your way to better health with COPD.
Symptoms of emphysema are insidious in nature and progressive. Learn more about symptoms of emphysema and how to control them.
When comparing the differences between obstructive versus restrictive lung diseases, spirometry plays an important, diagnostic role. Learn more about how doctors determine which is which.
End of life issues are difficult to deal with, much less talk about. Learn how COPD patients can better cope with end of life issues.
Postural drainage is a airway clearance technique that helps COPD patients clear mucus from their lungs. Learn more about postural drainage positions.
COPD causes dependent edema due to an increase in pressure in the blood vessels inside the lungs. This is referred to as pulmonary hypertension.
Emphysema and chronic bronchitis are two types of COPD that cause difficulty breathing and other lung related symptoms. Although they sometimes coexist with each other in a person with COPD, there are differences between them. Learn the difference between emphysema and chronic bronchitis.
The definition of forced vital capacity, or FVC, refers to the amount of air which can be forcibly exhaled from the lungs after taking the deepest breath possible. FVC is measured during spirometry testing. In determining the presence of lung disease, spirometry testing is beneficial.
Emphysema is a type of COPD marked by a permanent enlargement of the airways. It is accompanied by destruction of the walls of the alveoli, the air cells of the lungs where oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged. Emphysema has an insidious onset and is progressive. There is no cure for emphysema but treatment may improve quality of life.
Increased mucus production is the reaction of the lungs to a constantly recurring irritant such as cigarette smoke or air pollution. Increased mucus production is a common symptom of COPD.
Hypercapnia refers to an increased amount of carbon dioxide, the waste product of respiration, in the blood.
Diaphragmatic breathing is a breathing technique that helps to strengthen both the diaphragm and the abdominal muscles that help it move. This means more air will move in and out of the lungs without overtiring the muscles in the chest. It is best when used with pursed lip breathing and will increase exercise tolerance and overall well-being.
Postural drainage is an airway clearance technique that takes advantage of gravity to help clear the airways. There are many different positions used in postural drainage. Learn the definition of postural drainage.
Controlled coughing is one of the most effective airway clearance techniques. Learn more about how to perform controlled coughing to help rid your lungs of mucus.
There are many benefits to oxygen therapy, especially if you have COPD or other chronic diseases. Learn the benefits of supplemental oxygen and why oxygen safety tips are important.
If you are caring for a loved one with COPD, it is important you know normal adult vital signs. This guide to normal adult vital signs should serve as a reference range to guide you as to when to seek medical attention.
Oxygen saturation levels do not always correlate with shortness of breath in COPD. Find out more about this phenomena.
COPD medications include bronchodilators, corticosteroids, antibiotics, oxygen therapy, flu and pneumonica vaccines. Treatment for COPD can include any or all of these common COPD medications.
People who have COPD are often malnourished, so following a COPD diet can help provide the energy they need to breathe better and to perform regular activities of dailiy living. Learn more about the nutritional guidelines for people who have COPD.
Chronic bronchitis is a type of COPD that causes irritation in the lungs leading to increased mucus production. This causes shortness of breath and a chronic cough, among other symptoms. Learn the causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of chronic bronchitis.
Learning about exercise and COPD is important. Learn the basics of exercising with COPD, including types of exercise, how to breathe during exercise, how to use the dyspnea scale and signs of overexertion during exercise.
While dyspnea remains the primary debilitating symptom behind COPD, fatigue in lung disease is nearly three times more prevalent than in healthy adults. Learn more about managing fatigue and COPD.
If you have moderate COPD, then you are in Stage II of the disease, according to the Global Initiative for Obstructive Lung Disease. Learn what treatment options are available to you for Stage II, moderate COPD.
Having severe COPD means that you are in Stage III of the disease. Learn the recommended treatment guidelines for Stage III, moderate COPD.
Bronchiectasis is among a group of lung diseases classified as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or COPD. It is characterized by a chronic dilation of the bronchi and bronchioles and is caused by a variety of conditions. Respiratory infections in early childhood and other childhood illnesses can predispose a person to bronchiectasis.
Stem cell therapy is an optional type of alternative treatment for COPD. But, does it really work? Find out more about stem cell therapy and the pros and cons of using it as treatment for COPD.
Extreme heat can cause people with COPD to have an increased level of shortness of breath which can lead to COPD complications. Learn how to beat the summer heat and avoid COPD complications.
Wood burning stoves may keep you warm and cozy in the winter, but they can present specific health hazards, especially for those who are particularly susceptible to them. Learn more about the health hazards of wood burning stoves.
Bronchodilators are medications that relax the airways of the lungs making it easier to breathe. Learn more about bronchodilators for the treatment of COPD.
The Cross Position is an easy sex positions for COPD patients to manage during sexual intimacy. Page 2.
Energy conservation techniques are important to learn, especially if you have COPD, a lung disease that zaps your energy. Learn tips for conserving energy with COPD.
COPD pathophysiology is not completely understood, but is characterized by degeneration and destruction of the lungs and their supporting tissue. Learn more about COPD pathyphysiology and how your lungs work.
Are there really foods that may worsen COPD symptoms? Some people think so. Check out the following list to see which are the most common.
Living with COPD is often difficult, especially when your symptoms worsen. Learn 10 things you should stop doing if you are living with COPD.
COPD treatment guidelines are set forth by the Global Initiative for Obstructive Lung Disease and are optimized for every stage of the disease. Learn more about the treatment guidelines for Stage I, Stage II, Stage III, and Stage IV COPD.
Mild COPD is classified by the the Global Initiative for Obstructive Lung Disease as Stage I COPD. Learn more about treatment for mild COPD.
V/Q mismatch is a condition whereby ventilation and perfusion of the lungs are not evenly matched. Learn more about V/Q mismatch.
Managing shortness of breath can be difficult. Check out these 10 tips to help you cope with breathing problems.
A diagnosis of COPD is made by history and physical, arterial blood gases (ABGs), complete blood count (CBC), chest xray, CT scan, pulmonary function tests (PFTs), carbon monoxide diffusion capacity, pulse oximetry and sputum culture.
The goal of emphysema treatment is to slow the progression of the disease and improve quality of life. The treatment of emphysema includes smoking cessation, medications, oxygen, fluid management, pulmonary rehabilitation and lung surgery.
COPD treatment includes everything from smoking cessation to steroids to pulmonary rehabilitation. Learn more about COPD treatment.
A CT of the chest may be done on patients who have COPD to help doctors determine the presence of an infection or if there has been a change in symptoms. Learn more about the definition of CT of the chest.
Chest percussion, also known as chest physiotherapy, is an airway clearance technique that helps loosen secretions making them easier to cough up. Chest physiotherapy can be performed manually, using the hands, or with the help of a percussive device. Learn more about chest physiotherapy.
Being admitted to the hospital can be stressful, so having a hospital packing list will help you to remember the most important things that you should bring with you during your hospital stay.
Herbal remedies have long been thought of to be beneficial as an adjunct to standard medical care. Learn more about herbal remedies for the treatment of COPD.
Pain is a significant problem in people who have COPD, but, is often under-recognized. Find out more about pain and COPD.
Barrel chest describes a rounded, bulging, almost barrel-like appearance of the chest which occurs as a result of overinflation of the lungs. Barrel chest is commonly seen in people who have emphysema.
Partial pressure of oxygen, or Pa02 is a term used when measuring arterial blood gases. Learn more about the definition of partial pressure of oxygen.
The BODE Index is a tool used to help health care professionals predict COPD mortality. Learn what the BODE Index is and how to score yourself.
Treatment of chronic bronchitis involves keeping the airways open, facilitating removal of secretions and preventing further disability. Find our more about chronic bronchitis treatment.
Oxygen saturation refers to the extent to which hemoglobin is saturated with oxygen. Learn more about the definition of oxygen saturation.
Severe COPD can be disabling to patients. Learn how to keep your COPD from getting worse and becoming severe COPD.
Pneumothorax is defined as the accumulation of air or gas in the space between the lung and the chest wall. Pneumothorax occurs because of a hole that develops in the lung, which allows air to escape in the space around the lung, causing the lung to completely collapse. Pneumothorax is one of the complications of COPD.
The 6-minute walk test is generally done at the start of a pulmonary rehabilitation program or to evaluate a patient for a lung transplant. Learn more about the 6-minute walk test.
Indoor air is sometimes more polluted than outdoor air. Find out which houseplants, according to NASA, are the most effective at purifying indoor air.
Walking is a low-impact exercise which can help people with COPD utilize oxygen more efficiently. Walking can also help you to quit smoking. Walking helps reduce stress, improves depression and lowers your risk of disease. Find out how to implement a simple walking program into your daily life.
The Side to Side Position is an easy sex position for COPD patients to manage during sexual intimacy. Page 3.
The statistics surrounding COPD in the never-smoker are startling. Learn more about COPD and the never-smoker.
The kneeling face to face position is an excellent alternative to the standard missionary position and easy for COPD patients to accomplish. Page 7.
The Intersection Position is an easy sex position for COPD patients to manage during sexual intimacy. Page 5.
Pneumonia is a lung infection which can occur in patients who have COPD. The risk of acquiring bacterial pneumonia is relatively high, because people with COPD have weakened immune systems. Learn more about pneumonia as it relates to COPD.
People with COPD often experience shortness of breath while eating. Learn how to avoid shortness of breath when eating with these 7 steps.
Living with COPD can be challenging. Learn more about living with chronic lung disease, including tips on safety, breathing, diet, and more.
The Woman on Top Position is an easy sex position for COPD patients to manage during sexual intimacy. Page 4.
Tachypnea is the medical term for an increase in the rate of respirations. Also known as rapid breathing, tachypnea is commonly found in patients who have COPD, particularly emphysema.
Pulmonary tuberculosis is a lung infection caused by a bacteria. Learn more about the definition of pulmonary tuberculosis.
Cor pulmonale is a complication of COPD in which there is either an enlargement or failure of the right side of the heart. It is caused by a number of chronic lung diseases, including COPD.
FEV1 is defined as the amount of air which can be forcibly exhaled from the lungs in the first second of a forced exhalation.
COPD, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is an umbrella term for a broad classification of disorders that are characterized by obstruction of the airways and limitation to airflow. Diseases that fall under the scope of COPD include emphysema, chronic bronchitis and bronchiectasis.
Pursed lip breathing is a breathing technique to help control shortness of breath. Learn how to do pursed lip breathing by following a simple technique.
Oxygen can sometimes cause dry nose. Learn more about what to do if you have a dry nose.
Expectorants are a type of cough medicine that help loosen the congestion in your chest. Learn more about expectorants.
Very severe COPD is classified as Stage IV, or end stage COPD. Learn more about recommended treatment guidelines for very severe, Stage IV COPD.
Causes of COPD include cigarette smoking, secondhand smoke, air pollution and occupational exposure to irritants with cigarette smoking being the number one cause of COPD.
COPD and alcohol, when combined, may cause adverse outcomes. Learn whether it is okay to drink when you have COPD and just how much is too much.
If you have COPD, breathing can be increasingly difficult. Check out these 13 dietary tips for better breathing with COPD.
Symptoms of chronic bronchitis, a type of COPD, include a long-term cough, increased mucus production, shortness of breath and frequent clearing of the throat.
Secondary polycythemia is acquired from a rare disorder that causes the body to produce an increased amount of red blood cells. It is one of the complications of COPD. Secondary polycythemia is caused by an excessive production of ethyropoietin, a hormone that is responsible for red blood cell production.
COPD causes increased mucus production that is the result of inflamed airways from a chronic cough and repeated irritating substances like cigarette smoke, secondhand smoke and air pollution.
Spirometry is a test that measures the amount of air entering and leaving the lungs. Learn more about the definition of spirometry.
COPD triggers can greatly impact your quality of life and land you in the hospital. Learn more about COPD triggers and how to avoid them.
Pulmonary rehabilitation is becoming widely recognized as an essential part of a COPD treatment plan.
COPD can cause chest tightness because of the increased amount of mucus that is consolodated in the lungs and the narrowing or blockage of the airways.
Spiriva (tiotropium) is a bronchodilator medication used for maintenance treatment of COPD. Learn more with this complete guide to Spiriva.
The combination of COPD and anesthesia can be risky. Learn more about understanding the risks of anesthesia and COPD.
Medical oxygen is covered by Medicare under certain conditions. Find out more about what medical oxygen supplies Medicare will cover.
Shortness of breath and other COPD symptoms can be a real problem in cold weather. Thankfully, these 5 tips for reducing shortness of breath in cold weather will help.
Postural drainage positions include the upper lobe anterior segments to clear mucus from the upper lobes of the lungs. Page 6.
Postural drainage helps clear mucus from the lungs. Learn more about the many positions for postural drainage. Page 4.
Hypoxia refers to an inadequate oxygen supply to the cells and tissues of the body. Hypoxia may be caused by a variety of internal events. Learn more about the definition of hypoxia.
Do you suffer from asthma, or is it COPD? Distinguishing between the two can be quite challenging, even for medical professionals. Here are a list of questions to ask yourself.
Postural drainage positions include the upper lobe posterior segments to help drain mucus from the lungs. Page 5.
Tour the respiratory system to find out how your lungs work. The respiratory system is composed of the nasal cavity (nose), pharynx (throat), larynx (voice box), trachea (windpipe), bronchial tree, alveoli (air sacs) and lungs. Page 5.
Should you try the electronic cigarette to quit smoking? Learn more about the electronic cigarette and if it should be used as a quit aid.
An incentive spirometer is a device that helps keep the alveoli of your lungs inflated. They are often times used in the hospital setting as part of daily therapy. Learn how to use an incentive spirometer.
COPD nutrition is an important aspect of staying healthy if you have COPD. Learn what foods you should eat you have COPD.
Postural drainage is an airway clearance technique to help clear mucus from the lungs. See a picture of the Lingula postural drainage position. Page 7.
Vibration, coupled with chest percussion is a technique done during postural drainage to help COPD patients clear their airways of mucus. Page 3.
Thanks to the Department of Transportation, traveling with oxygen has never been easier. Find out how to travel with oxygen with safety and comfort in mind.
Have you tried a variety of medications to alleviate your symptoms of COPD and nothing seems to work? Surgical treatment may be something to consider.
Mucolytics are a type of medication sometimes used as part of COPD treatment. Learn more about mucolytics and how they help clear mucus from the airways.
A COPD exacerbation means that there is a worsening of COPD symptoms. Learn more about the what it means to have a COPD exacerbation and what to do about it.
Oxygen safety tips are essential to learn if you have COPD and use supplemental oxygen. Learn more about oxygen safety tips and how to use oxygen safely.
Postural drainage is an airway clearance technique that helps COPD patients clear mucus from their lungs. Learn how to perform postural drainage of the lower lobes superior segments of the lungs. Page 12.
FEV1/FVC is a ratio of your FEV1 to FVC. This value is measured by spirometry. Find out what FEV1/FVC measures.
Malnutrition is a common complication of COPD. Learn what causes malnutrition in COPD patients and how prevention of malnutrition is essential.
Glucocorticoids, or steroids and not indicated for stable COPD due to their multiple side effects but are useful during episodes of acute exacerbation of COPD and are used more often during these times.
The definition or meaning of noninvasive ventilation is that it provides ventilatory support to a patient through the upper airways. It enhances ventilation by giving the patient a mixture of air and oxygen from a flow generator through use of a tightly fitted face or nasal mask.
AAT deficiency, or Alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency, is an inherited condition caused by a lack of a protective protein called alpha-1-antitrypsin (AAT).
A good COPD diet includes enough extra calories to meet the increased caloric requirement that people with COPD need for breathing. Learn what foods choices you should be making to get the extra calories you need.
Postural drainage is an airway clearance technique that helps COPD patients clear mucus from their lungs. Learn how to perform postural drainage of the middle lobe. Page 8.
Postural drainage is an airway clearance technique that helps COPD patients clear mucus from their lungs. Learn how to perform postural drainage of the posterior basal segments of the lungs. Page 10.
Changes in the lungs caused by COPD are responsible for the varying degrees of COPD symptoms. Find out more about changes in the lungs that occur because of the COPD disease process.
Postural drainage is an airway clearance technique that helps COPD patients clear mucus from their lungs. Learn how to perform postural drainage of the anterior basal segments of the lungs. Page 9.
The anti-inflammation diet is an eating plan for life that may help people with COPD feel better. Learn more about the anti-inflammatory diet and COPD.
A chronic cough is long-term, persistant and does not seem to go away, in spite of treatment. Chronic cough is the result of irritation of the mucous membranes in the respiratory tract and is one of the most common symptoms of COPD.
Lung function decline in COPD should slow down after smoking cessation -- at least that is what most of the research says.
Postural drainage is an airway clearance technique that helps COPD patients clear mucus from their lungs. Learn how to perform postural drainage of the lower lobes lateral basal segments of the lungs. Page 11.
Pulmonary hypertension, (PPH) is a common complication of COPD. It occurs when there is an abnormally high pressure within the lungs causing weakness, fatigue, shortness of breath and fainting.
Airway clearance devices may help COPD patients clear mucus from their lungs. Compare 6 airway clearance devices for COPD.
Many people with COPD wonder how mouth breathing affects their oxygen levels. Learn more about mouth breathing and COPD.
Clubbing can occur in the fingers and/or toes. It is a sign of long-term oxygen deprivation. Learn the definition of clubbing.
The dyspnea cycle occurs when you are having trouble breathing and become increasingly anxious, which makes you start to panic, which in turn causes you to become even more short of breath? Dyspnea is also known as shortness of breath.
There is increasing evidence that obesity and COPD are inter-related. Obesity causes COPD symptoms to worsen as well as decreases exercise tolerance and quality of life. The role of obesity and COPD is of significant importance.
Learn the definition of functional residual capacity.
You may be surprised to know that even indoor air can be polluted, sometimes more so than outdoor air. And because many people who have COPD spend a great deal of time indoors, improving indoor air quality is especially important.
Many people view oxygen therapy as a negative thing, and that's unfortunate, because it has a number of important benefits. Take a look at some of the benefits of oxygen therapy and never be embarrassed about using oxygen again.
A complete blood count (CBC) gives your healthcare provider important information regarding the types and amounts of cells in your body. The complete blood count includes WBC count, WBC differential, RBC count, hemoglobin, hematocrit, red blood cell indices and platelet count.
Also known as ABGs, arterial blood gases are diagnostic tests performed by taking blood from an artery to assess how well the lungs are able to provide adequate oxygen to the body and subsequently remove carbon dioxide.
Spiriva side effects range from common to more severe. Check out this complete guide to Spiriva side effects to get the answers you need.
If you've been diagnosed with COPD, you probably have a lot of questions for your doctor. Check out the following list of 10 questions for your doctor about COPD and print them out to take with you to your next doctor appointment.